The Concept of Universal Communal Upbringings


“When war and famine produced bands of homeless children during the Civil War, some Bolsheviks saw even this as a blessing in disguise, since the state could give the children a true collectivist upbringing (in orphanages) and they would not be exposed to the bourgeois influence of the old family” (Fitzpatrick 85).

This quote directly answers the question of “what is revolutionary culture?”.  To the Bolsheviks, revolutionary culture is simply the undoing of the status quo .  During the early days of Bolshevik rule, the traditional family with patriarchal rule was seen as a bourgeois concept.  Therefore, traditional familial structures should be broken down and replaced with a new Marxist social system.

Some within the Bolsheviks proposed a system of collectivist upbringing where children would be placed into orphanages and raised.  Doing this would accomplish the Bolshevik goal of dismantling the traditional family and ultimately, in their eyes, help in dismantling the oppressive patriarchy.  This proposal was not popular among the masses and therefore was not implemented universally.  However, if such a drastic proposal had ever been implemented, it would have fundamentally influenced every aspect within Russian society.  Ultimately, this was the primary goal of the Bolsheviks.

Sources:  (2013 picture)




15 thoughts on “The Concept of Universal Communal Upbringings

  1. Thanks. It’s a great photograph. You should include the source for the image and id the date. (So people don’t think you think that image represents a 1920 orphanage.)


  2. Those are good points. After the war there were many orphaned children, and something had to be done to take care of them. The image is actually just from google images. It’s a picture of an actual orphanage in Russia though.


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